Aditional biblical articles available by download in "pdf"
in English

 

 

  "I am" or "I will be" - The distinction between Jehovah and Jesus

370 kB

       

  Nephilim, giants and fallen angels - Who were they?

357 kB

       

  The predestination of Jehovah and the predestination of God Father

387 kB

       

  Jehovah, the puppets manipulator

404 kB

       

  The sabbath of the law and the true rest in Jesus Christ

361 kB

       

  Jesus, the tangible, accessible and friendly God

293 kB

       

  What is the usefulness of the Old Testament’s law?

374 kB

       

  The veil of the temple was torn in two

111 kB

       

  The two trinities - The divine Trinity and the evil trinity

271 kB

       

  Shadow and Reality - The conflict between Old and New Testament

53 kB

       

  Jehovah, the false god of Israel

34 kB

       

  Jehovah's law and Jesus' Gospel

41 kB

       

The wrathful tribal god

24 kB

  The justice of God

30 kB

       

  Differences between God Father and Jehovah

37 kB

       

  Differences between Jesus and Jehovah

22 kB

       

  The true God is love

24 kB

       
       



Presentation



 

The main thesis of this website consists in the fact that the true God Father is totally just and consistent, remaining that way for all eternity, even though the Scriptures seem to show a different god, especially if we see from the perspective of the Old Testament.

Traditional Christian theology has been exempt from investigating these contradictions with the adoption of the argument that God's behavior has been changed over time due to God's need to relate to humanity in different circumstances.

To support this argument, Catholic and Protestant scholars divide the history of mankind into several chronological periods, where God would have behaved differently in each of them, towards a final goal that will culminate in the so-called "last days".

In this work, I was concerned to show that God's behavior cannot change throughout history, because if God did so, He would be fickle, which contradicts the attribute of divine immutability, which is mentioned in Hebrews 13: 8 …  Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.

In saying that the behaviors of God observed throughout the biblical accounts are different, I also try to show that the motivations and purposes are different, when Jehovah (Yahweh) and the God Father are comparatively analyzed, even if theologians claim to be the same person, that is, the same God.

If we compare the attitudes and behavior of Jehovah (YHWH), which was revealed by Moses in the Old Testament, with the attitudes and behavior of God the Father (ABBA), which was revealed by Jesus Christ in the New Testament, we see a remarkable difference.

On the one hand, we see that Jehovah showed a violent nature, since he led the Jewish people into bloody battles, granting them victories over nations and armies, when the kings of Israel were obedient to the precepts of the Mosaic law. However, when people were rebellious and disobedient to the law, Jehovah acted unfavorably to Israel, allowing tragic defeats against their enemies.

On the other hand, we see God the Father presented by Jesus always compassionate and loving, being invariably more forgiving than punishing, as we read in 2 Peter 3:9 … God is patient with us, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.

Another great difference is that Jehovah always revealed an exclusivist sympathy for Israel, whereas God the Father is always impartial and does not reveal special predilection by anyone.

Jehovah authorized reprisal and vengeance on the basis of "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (Exodus 21: 23-25), which is also called "Law of the Talion", whereas Jesus taught his disciples to relieve offenses and forgive Crimes (Matthew 5: 38-42).

When asked about the authority to teach things different from what the law of Moses taught, Jesus claimed that he had received those teachings directly from his heavenly Father. At the time of his ministry, Jesus made it clear that everything he taught and preached to men was according to what he had received directly from God the Father.

By reading in the Bible that Jesus came to fulfill the Old Testament law (Matthew 5:17), we must understand that he came to give a meaning that the Old Testament law never had, because the law considered vital matters related to the soul and the eternal destiny, only in the ambit of a religiosity of appearances.

Thus, for example, we see Jehovah authorizing the stoning of the disobedient to his commandments, whereas Jesus forgave an adulteress who was about to be stoned, as prescribed in the Old Testament law (John 8: 1-11).

Elsewhere, Jehovah set strict food precepts to the Jews, which Jesus did not confirm and his disciple Paul said in 1 Corinthians 10: 25-26 ... Eat anything sold in the meat market without raising questions of conscience, for the earth is the Lord’s, and everything in it.

Jehovah also revealed inhuman discrimination with people. Discrimination is a form of prejudice and grievance to inherent human dignity, and that is exactly what Jehovah did in discriminating against women, foreigners, those with certain types of congenital diseases and other things that those individuals had no blame for being born like this.

In turn, we see in the Gospels Jesus living together with people of all social classes without prejudice or discrimination, and because of that liberality, he was accused by the Jews of being a friend of sinners (Matthew 11:19).

Another clear difference is that those who touched Jehovah were implacably dead, as Uzzah, who touched the ark that symbolized the presence of Jehovah (2 Samuel 6: 6-8), whereas those who touched Jesus were healed, as the hemorrhagic woman, simply because she touched the fringe of the dress of Jesus by faith (Mark 5: 25-30).

Unlike Jehovah, who was always disgusted by the contact with men, Jesus was always tangible, accessible and welcoming, touching and allowing to be touched by men and women, good or bad, transmitting virtue, whose hands touched dying people to bring healing (Luke 8:54), whose feet were wet with the tears of a repentant sinner (Luke 7: 36-38), whose saliva anointed the eyes of a blind man to see again, in whose breast the disciple John found the affection of a friend (John 13: 23-25) and whose face received the hypocritical kiss of the traitor Judas Iscariot (Luke 22: 47-48).

Faced with so many inconsistencies, I am led to conclude that there is no possibility of identification between Jehovah and God the Father, or between Jehovah and Jesus, the Son, who has the same nature and essence of the Father.

I cannot imagine a God with two faces and a double personality, as we see in two consecutive periods of history, and because of that I believe Jehovah (YHWH) and God Father (ABBA) are different persons.

Although the arguments of orthodox Christian theology deny any distinction between Jehovah and the absolute Father God, this dualist conception was also object of studies and discussions since the past, and the same idea was already present in the Platonic philosophical vision, as well as among the Gnostic Christians from the early centuries AD (Marcion), and later, among the Albigenses (Cathars) in the Middle Ages.

Although the demystification of Jehovah as the Absolute God is very difficult for those who embrace Christian religious orthodoxy, I believe that an impartial theological discussion on this subject is certainly of interest for those who have an open mind and are free to consider different points of view.

Many concepts of hermeneutics presented here differ from what are traditionally accepted as immutable paradigms. However, my intention is not to provoke controversy or sensationalism, but to present a profound and scriptural investigation of the character of God, free from unilateral censorship, which is usually done by the defenders of Orthodox Christianity and Judaism.

Most of the statements made here contain biblical references that give support and credibility to the studies, also preventing anyone from saying that the arguments used in my exegesis have a merely personal and subjective connotation.

So, regardless of religious beliefs, it is important to have a Bible nearby, where anyone can consult the references used during the presentation of the arguments presented here, and thus better understand the context of each of them.

May this work bring clarification about such incoherence that exposes Christianity to the criticisms and questions of the agnostics, who rightly point out the absurd fact that God has acted differently, if we compare his attitudes before and after the manifestation of Jesus Christ in this world.

In my experience over several years sharing the ideas set forth here, I know that most people do not agree with the main theses presented here because their minds have been "programmed" to reject everything that goes against the paradigms of the various religious currents.

If many concepts thrown here are not accepted, that will not surprise me, because even Jesus himself suffered strong opposition when he brought certain principles that conflicted with the Jewish theology of his time.

Jesus was criticized by all the religious groups of his time: Pharisees, Sadducees, Scribes, Herodians, and probably also by Zealots and Essenes. He frequently used the contradictions in the doctrines of these groups and for this reason Jesus was always harassed.

The ministry of Jesus only survived for three years because he used many parables to convey his teachings. Through the enigmatic message of the parables, Jesus succeeded to introduce complex concepts to his disciples and other listeners.

The teachings of Jesus were not assimilated at first, but then, as they were properly digested in the minds of their hearers, they led people to the conclusion of important realities which were difficult to be absorbed at first.

The apostle Paul said that many secrets could not be revealed to the Church because believers were not prepared to hear, as he said in 1 Corinthians 3: 1-3 … Brothers and sisters, I could not address you as people who live by the Spirit but as people who are still worldly—mere infants in Christ. I gave you milk, not solid food, for you were not yet ready for it. Indeed, you are still not ready. You are still worldly. For since there is jealousy and quarreling among you, are you not worldly? Are you not acting like mere humans?

Also in Hebrews 5: 10-14, the author said that he could not speak clearly of the mystery that surrounded the high priest Melchizedek … and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek. We have much to say about this, but it is hard to make it clear to you because you no longer try to understand.  In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s word all over again. You need milk, not solid food!  Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness. But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.

This means that many theological mysteries can remain until today, and this is why it is necessary to pray for the Holy Spirit to open our understandings in order to comprehend the things that are concealed for our eyes.

If Jesus or Paul openly spoke certain mysteries of God to his contemporaries, this would undoubtedly hinder their understanding, because they were not prepared. On the other hand, they could have been killed prematurely by stoning, as this was a classic form of punishment for blasphemy in the law of Jehovah.

Therefore, through arguments based entirely on the Bible, I tried to give answers to the many questions about the reliability of the character of God, which are made especially by non-Christians, who strongly emphasize the ambiguous behavior of the god revealed In the Old Testament, compared to the God revealed in the New Testament.

My purpose is not to defend a religion or a new sect, but to present the consistency of a God who manifested himself to the world in the nature of his Son to bring a beautiful perspective of life, harmonizing body, soul and spirit.

So I try to show not only who God is, but also who God is not, based on the difference of personalities, respectively, of those who are identified by most Christians as being the same person, that is, the same Absolute God.

My goal is finally to correct the approach to the correct view of the true Father God, who has been vilified by the questioners and mockers through improper attributions to the character of God and his purposes. I hope that filters that block people's minds against new and different concepts will be nullified, so that those people can evaluate the ideas presented here, and after proper reflection, judge impartially whether they are reasonable or not.

Could we conceive an incoherent God? Of course not! If we assume there is any inconsistency in God's behavior at any moment in history, we will be admitting his fallibility and lack of credibility.

If the unveiled revelation of Jehovah surprised and disappointed many who first became aware of the affair, it is important to know that it first surprised and disappointed me when I began to study Jehovah's real personality and evil character.

However, if on the one hand I was deeply disappointed in knowing the other face of Jehovah, I became much more aware of the Father's absolutely pure and good nature, as well as his marvelous purpose for the life of men through Jesus Christ. From this discernment, I began to value much more the mercy and love of God demonstrated in favor of human beings, regardless of race, sex, social status or physical nature.

 

Oswaldo Carvalho

 

 

 

 
 

 

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