The name of God




 

 

Foreword


   
In the original text from OT there are various different designations that had been translated generally as “God”.

   Sometimes they occur as “Elohim”; others as “El Shaday”; others as “Adonay” and others as “God Almighty”.

    In chapter 1 of the original Hebrew text (left), the word translated as "God" is always "Elohim" (plural).

   In chapter 2 (right), the name "Jehovah" also appears, as the man was created.
 

 




The Tetragrammation JHVH
 

    In the ancient Hebrew Scriptures the name Jehovah was represented by four letters JHVH or YHWH. In regard to the name Jehovah, commonly referred to as the “Tetragrammation JHVH”, the translators adopted the device used in most English versions (NIV included) of rendering that name as “LORD” in capital letters, to distinguish it from Adonay, another Hebrew word rendered “Lord”, for which small letters are used.

    As we can see through that device, in most occurrences
in the OT, the word “LORD” is written with capital letters, what means that Jehovah is prevalent in the OT like the Father is prevalent in the NT.

    Along the years, especially during the exiles time, the pronunciation of the name represented by JHVH (see detail in the photo) had been lost, because the Jews feared from even mentioning that name, by understanding that they could be violating the third commandment… “You shall not misuse the name of Jehovah, for he will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name” (Exodus 20:7).

    The introduction of vowels through “Massoretic signs” occurred only up to V century. That fact explains for what reason the name JHVH can be transliterated as Javeh, Iaweh, Jehovah, Iehowah, and so on.

If Christians were to be a people for Jehovah’s name (according to Amos 9:11 and 12), why should this name represented by the Tetragrammation JHVH, be abolished from the Greek Scripture of NT? JWs try to answer this question with a great exegetical juggling

In John 17:6 and 26, Jesus prayed: “I have made your name manifest to the men “. Now we can question: Wich name had Christ made manifest to the men? Certainly not the name of Jehovah, because Jesus always referred only to the Father and had never mentioned the name “Jehovah”.


Who is the true God?


    Due to biased translations and theological conveniences, some expressions that refer to Jehovah were generalized to “God”. The JW’s know it very well because they try to identify Jehovah with the God Father and not with Jesus.

    We can have a proof that the expression “God” is generic at 2 Corinthians 4:4 that says: “The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of gospel of the glory of Jesus Christ”. It is evident that this “god” doesn’t refer to the Father because He wants to open the minds of the people instead of blind them.

    Some angels reveal very hotly this feeling. The angel Jehovah passed himself off as God and misled Abraham, who supposed had been visited by the God Almighty.  But we know that the true God doesn’t appears physically nor make meals with men like Jehovah did (Genesis 18:1 to 7) because He is spirit.

    John 1:8 says: “No-one has ever seen God, but God the One and Only, who is at the Father’s side, has made him known”. Jesus made the Father known during His ministry in the earth.

 

 

Jesus ommited the name "Jehovah"


    In the synagogue at Nazareth (Luke 4:14 to 21), Jesus took the scroll of the prophet and read Isaiah 61:1 and 2, where the Tetragrammation is originally used, however He intentionally ommited the name “Jehovah”.

    Whenever Jesus referred to God, He used the expression "Father". This is a clear proof that Jesus’ ministry is linked with the Father, but not with Jehovah.

    Jesus also substituted the word “vengueance” from that original text of Isaiah by the word “favour”, because his ministry is founded on love and mercy, and not on vengueances and revenges like Jehovah’s one.

    At the time before his conversion, Paul was a Pharisee who persecuted Christians, imagining to be serving the true God, but in reality he was serving Jehovah, the god of OT, because he does allows persecutions, stoning and punishments by putting to death, as well as all sort of violence.

    After his conversion, Paul admitted finally that there is only one God – the Father, as he wrote in 1 Corinthians 8:4 to 6 …indeed there are many “gods” and many “lords”, yet for us there is but one God, the Father.



Jesus is the true God
 

    Jesus is indeed the true God (1 John 5:20). He is “Immanuel” which means “God with us” (Matthew 1:23).

    When Philip asked him to show him the Father, Jesus answered: “Don’t you know me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say – Show us the Father? Don’t you believe that I am in the Father and that the Father is in me?” (John 14:8 to 10).

    Thomas was a Jew and would have observed the first commandment and thus would never have called anyone but Jehovah “my Lord and my God”. When he called Jesus “Lord” and “God” in contravention of the first commandment from OT, Jesus didn’t rebuke him because his public declaration was truth.


    In Philippians 2:9 and 10 we read that Jesus received the name that is above every name (including the name of Jehovah), that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow in heaven and on earth and under the earth.

    JWs try to decrease the glory of the Son, in order to promote Jehovah as the supreme God and to set up Jesus only as a divine being under the authority of Jehovah.


 

       

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