Exalted to the right hand of God, Jesus has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit (Acts 2:33). Up to the time that Jesus rose from the dead, the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified (John 7:39).
The question is: Which was then the spirit that opereted in the Old Covenant (OT)? It could not be the Holy Spirit of God because at that time Jesus had not been risen.
"Christ made us able to be servants of a New Covenant; not of the letter, but of the Spirit: for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.” (2 Corinthians 3:6)
made man from the dust of the earth and breathed the breath of earthly
life into Adam and he became physically alive (Genesis 2:7), whereas
Jesus breathed the breath of the Holy Spirit on his disciples and they came
to have the potential of spiritual life, manifested on the day of
Pentecost (John 20:22).
When someone gets angry, feels jealousy or reveals selfishness, he manifests the characteristics of the physical affiliation with Jehovah and his spirit, since in material terms all humanity is made in his image and likeness from the dust of the earth.
Similarly, when someone does not retaliate to offensive behavior, does not blaspheme or complain about his fate, he is manifesting his affiliation with the Father and His Holy Spirit, mirroring the example of Jesus (the last Adam) who is from heaven and spiritual. That is the difference between the “living being” Adam and the “life-giving spirit” last Adam, Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 15:45).
to Galatians 5:22, the fruits of the Spirit are love, joy, peace patience,
kindness, goodness, faithfulness gentleness and self-control.
An old creation in Genesis and a new creation in Pentecost
Genesis 1:2 says that in the beginning the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. This situation typifies the condition of the natural not-reconciled man.
He is “formless and empty” because his mind is controlled by outside forces from mass media and evil spirits. As Colossians 2:13 says, that creature is spiritually dead in his sins and in the spiritual uncircumcision of his sinful nature. There is no use for the Spirit of God hovering “over” the waters without operating “inside” them.
In the Pentecost’s day, the Holy Spirit that had been promised by Jesus filled in the disciples and they acquired new supernatural life (Acts 2:1 to 13). From a chicken-hearted group of religious Jews (John 20:19), they became a fearless group of missionaries and ambassadors of God’s kingdom (Acts 6:41 and 42).
Jesus said to Nicodemus that he should be born again (John 3:7). This new birth occurs when the Spirit that is outside comes inside the creature.
The Holy Spirit of the Father had never operated before Jesus’ coming for He said at the end of his ministry: Unless I go way, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you (John 16:7).
Therefore, if in the
old creation of
OT the Spirit was just
“hovering over the waters”, in the NT anyone who is in Christ is a new
creation through the Holy Spirit; the old has gone, the new has come (2
The Spirit and the temptation in the desert
Jesus full of the Holy Spirit returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit (holy?) to the desert where for forty days he was tempted by the devil (Luke 4:4).
Two spirits were mentioned here: the first (of which Jesus was full) was the Holy Spirit and the second was simply “a spirit”, which we don’t know from it came. If the second spirit was “holy”, why only the first is called “Holy”?
In James 1:13 we read: “When tempted no-one should say: God is tempting me. For God cannot be tempted by evil nor does he tempt anyone”. If the true God doesn’t tempt anyone, I ask: Was the second spirit a good or evil spirit?
In the OT Jehovah led the people of Israel to the desert for forty years (number forty usually means temptation) to humble the people and to test them in a quite similar situation.
The great difference is that when tempted in the desert Jesus
was victorious whereas many of the people of Israel were put into death
by Jehovah in the desert.
In the Old Testament there are the following texts:
Judges 9:23 – God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the citizens of
What kind of god is this who operated in the OT and sent evil spirits to torment men?
The true God Father does not send evil spirits because He has only one, the Holy Spirit, the Counselor, whose work is:
to convict the world of guilt (John 16:7);
Jesus had never sent evil spirits to anyone. On the contrary, He drove out many evil spirits from the tormented people (Mark 1:34; Matthew 8:16 and 9:33; Luke 13:32).
kings' period, Israel had a theocratic government. The high priest entered
in the shrine, asking for the direction of Jehovah that answered through "Urim
and Thummim" (Numbers 27:21).
After the kingdom was established, the method of "Urim and Thummim" had been finished because Jehovah was rejected as king and sovereign in Israel. For this reason, he stopped manifesting his will through that way.
The silence of Jehovah brought despair to Saul, first king of Israel, who was accustomed with those trite orientations. The absence of the prognostics and divinations took him to draw on a witch, a medium woman from Endor (I Samuel 28:6 and 7).
Similar situation occurs when a Christian, because of his insanity, thinks that God occasionally "silenced" to him, drawing on false "prophets" that take him to dangerous mistakes. When a person looks for a "prophet" in a “consultation”, he is denying the possibility of Holy Spirit to speak directly to him in a supernatural and personal way. This can also be through dreams or meditation in the Scriptures.
If God needs to speak with somebody about any matter He sends the prophet with the message directly to the person that must hear it. Therefore, the right way is when the prophet comes to the person and not when the person comes to the prophet.
(Greek version of the Bible) translates "Urim and
Thummim" respectively for
"Delos" (Word) and "Aletéia" (Holy Spirit).
Jews were led
by Jehovah’s “semaphore” of Urim and Thummim but those who believe in Jesus
are led by His Holy Spirit, so they don’t need draw on diviners and prophets
because the spiritual man makes judgments about all things, but he himself
is not subject to any man’s judgment (1 Corinthians 1:15).