Hebrew 9:15... "For this reason Christ is the mediator of a New Covenant, which those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first Covenant".

2 Corinthians 3:14
... "But their minds were made dull, for to this day the same veil remains when the old covenant is read. It has not been removed, because only in Christ is it taken away".

Hebrew 7:22 to 24... "Because of this oath, Jesus has become the guarantee of a better Covenant. Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office; but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood".

 

What is the use of Old Testament nowadays?

 
 
 



The integrity of the Bible
 

    The essence of the Scriptures (both in the Old Testament or in the New Testament) had been preserved by the true God Father, in spite of some failures of translations occurred along centuries.

    The proof of integrity of the word is that many texts where the evilness of Jehovah is revealed were not changed nor omitted.
We don’t need to agree with the absurdities and incoherency of OT since we admit the authenticity of the text.

    The existence of an obsolete and incoherent law in the OT is positive because it contrasts with the efficiency and coherence of NT, giving it a better legitimacy. Stars seem to shine more in a deeply dark night.
In 1 Corinthians 11:19 Paul said: “No doubt there have to be differences among you to show which of you have God’s approval.

    In Galatians 2:15 the contrast between the OT and NT is showed up, for it is written that a man is not justified by observing the law of OT, but by faith in Jesus Christ.
In spite of having no effect to salvation or to give moral basis to the man, the text of OT is important because it contains many allegories and figures that typifies events of the NT.

    Thus, I do believe that all scripture was given by inspiration of God. The problem is with the interpretation from man, especially from those who are pseudo-theologians.

 

A real message through figures, metaphors and parables
 

    The Old Testament is like a historical document from which the true God extracts a metaphorical sense. Therefore, literal truth from OT’s stories really matters. Historical events in Old Testament serve only as metaphors for greater spiritual matters of New Testament.

    The passage through the sea is an allegory of a Christian’s new way after his baptism (1 Corinthians 1:1 and 2).

    Passover lamb spotless and unblemished whose blood saves the household from death means the sacrifice of Jesus for us (1 Peter 1:19).

    The coming away from Egypt represents freedom from spiritual slavery and the Promised Land is a figure of heavenly realms.

    The earthly Tabernacle from OT was a figure of the true one (Hebrews 9:1, 23 and 24). All the furniture from it, in other words, the lamp stand, the table with the consecrated bread, the curtain, the most high place, the altar of incense and the ark of the covenant were all illustrations of a better and eternal worship, from which Jesus is the Most High Priest (Hebrews 9:2 to 5).

    The curtain of the temple that was torn in two from top to bottom (Matthew 27:51) means that the free access to Father's presence is now available. The veil of this curtain is a figure of the law and the former regulation from OT that separated us from the Most High Place (Hebrews 8:1), but now through Jesus' flesh all the barrier was put to death and the dividing wall of hostility had been destroyed (Ephesians 2:14 to 16).

    The sacrifice of goats and calves were only a shadow of the reality, because the true redemption is only through the blood of Christ. In Hebrews 9:11 and 12 we read: “it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins”.
 

First and last Adam
 

    First Adam was a figure of the last Adam (Romans 5:14 and 1 Corinthians 15:22 and 45).

    First Adam was in a privileged place before his sin, but after the transgression he was driven out from the Paradise of Eden (Genesis 3:23).

    In an opposite direction, the last Adam, Jesus, made himself nothing when He assumed human likeness, but because of his obedience, He was exalted by God, the Father, to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name (Jehovah included!), as it is written in Philippians 2:7 to 9). Therefore, the last Adam replaced the first one like NT replaced the OT.

    Jehovah caused the first Adam to fall into a deep sleep and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man’s ribs to make the woman. On the other hand, by the physical death of the last Adam (Jesus), God the Father formed the Church, raised initially through Jesus’ disciple, Peter (one of the twelve “ribs”), and afterwards through Paul.

 

The three days and three nights of Jonah

 

    Jesus said in Matthew 12:40... “For as Jonah were three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth”.

    Due to this similarity, Jonah was declared a figure of Jesus.
Like the belly of the great fish typifies the  sepulcher into which Jesus was sepulted, the fish vomiting Jonah signifies Jesus’ resurrection, for it was impossible for death to keep its hold on Him (Acts 2:24).

    As the belly of the fish means Jesus’ sepulcher, the fish vomiting Jonah means Jesus’ resurrection, for it was impossible for death to keep its hold on Him (Acts 2:24).

    ”Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death is your sting?”
The sting of death is sin and the power of sin is the law. But thanks to God! He gave us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 15:55 to 57).

 

 

    One of the differences between Jonah and Jesus is the fact that Jonah was lazy whereas Jesus was responsible about His obligations. Jonah was forced to preach to the people of Nineveh whereas Jesus assumed voluntarily the job of High Priest through the sacrifice of His own body (Philippians 2:6 to 8). Furthermore, Jonah became angry and greatly displeased for the repentance of Nineveh’s people (Jonah 4:1) whereas Jesus sorrowed the unbelief of Jerusalem’s people (Luke 13:34).

    Jonah and Jesus were linked to different Covenants. Jonah was linked to the Jehovah’s covenant of violence whereas Jesus was linked to the Father’s covenant of love.

    Thus, the similarity between them is only about the remaining time of three days, common to both situations.

 


Ruth and Boaz
 

 


Like other book
s from OT, the book of Ruth contains an interesting Parable respecting to events occurred in the NT.

Ruth, the Moabite (Ruth 1:4) was a figure of the gentiles, as Moabites were likely rejected and cursed people (Ruth 2:10).

Boaz was a figure of Jesus Christ. He came from Bethlehem (Ruth 2:4) whereas Jesus was native to Bethlehem. Boaz is included in the physical genealogy of Jesus, through David (Ruth 4:17). His name is mentioned in Matthew 1:5 and Luke 3:31.

Boaz was a redeemer (Ruth 3:12) and Jesus is a Redeemer and Saviour. Boaz redeemed Ruth (Ruth 1:4) whereas Jesus redeemed the gentiles that were all foreigner.

Paul said that gentiles were separated from God, excluded from citizenship in Israel and foreigners to the covenants of the promise, without hope and without God in the world.

But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far away have been brought near through the blood of Christ (Ephesians 2:12 and 13).

The other redeemer (the kinsman redeemer from Ruth 3:12) that reject to redeem Ruth because he might endanger his own estate (Ruth 4:6) is a figure of an intended Messiah of Jehovah, who rejected to redeem the gentiles because his plan was exclusive for Jews.
 

In order to confirm the rejection, there was a tradition in Israel of taking off the sandals and giving them to the other redeemer, as a sign of transferring rights and responsibilities (Ruth 4:17). The law of OT was set aside from the job of redeeming man because it was weak and superficial.

Jesus had never being scrupulous of “taking on the sandals” rejected by the kinsman-redeemer and adopted believers from those that were considered excluded people. The great difference between Boaz and Jesus is that Boaz redeemed Ruth giving her an earthly family and wife’s rights whereas Jesus redeems the gentiles in order to give them a heavenly family and rights of sons. 


The Manna

    In the desert Jehovah sent the perishable Manna whereas God Father sent Jesus, the true bread from heaven that gives life for ever.

    Jesus said to the Israelites: “It is not Moses who has given you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father who gives you the true bread from heaven.

    Your forefathers ate the Manna in the desert, yet they died. But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which a man may eat and not die.

    I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live for ever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of all believers in the world”
(John 6:32, 49 to 51).
 

 

    The Manna from Jehovah got maggots and stank (Exodus 16:20) but the bread from Jesus gives eternal life to anyone who feeds himself from it.

    Likewise to Manna, OT became mouldy because it was weak and useless, for the law made nothing perfect (Hebrews 7:18).
 



The snake in the desert
 

    Jesus said in John 3:14... “Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the desert, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, that everyone who believes in Him may have eternal life”. Jesus was comparing His crucifixion with an episode occurred in the OT, where venomous snakes sent by Jehovah bit the Israelites and many of them died (Numbers 21:6).

    Jehovah himself ordered Moses to make a bronze snake and put it up on a pole, that anyone who was bitten could look at it and be healed (Numbers 21:8 and 9).
It was a fantastic figure of Jesus at the cross and the people who were healed from their spiritual diseases through the faith on the Son of God.
 

 

    However, there are some differences between these two events:

    1. Jesus never had any similarity with a snake. By the way, He said that His disciples would pick up snakes with their hands (Mark 16:18). Also in Luke 10:19 Jesus gave to the disciples authority to trample on snakes and to overcome all the power of the enemy.

    2. Those that looked at the snake provided by Jehovah through Moses were physically healed but they perished later in the desert, whereas those who look firmly at Jesus, the blessed Son provided by the true God, are spiritually healed and become reconciled with God the Father.

    It is very strange that in the beginning Jehovah cursed the serpent, saying: “Cursed are you above all the livestock and all the days of your life” (Genesis 3:14 and 15) and provided after a way to heal the people, just with that cursed symbol!

    In Revelation 12:9 the ancient serpent was called the devil, or Satan.

    It is also very strange that the second commandment of Jehovah forbade to make idols in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below (Exodus 20:4) and in the desert he ordered Moses to make a bronze idol, which was called Nehushtam (2 Kings 18:4).

    The king Hezekiah broke into pieces the bronze snake, for up to that time the Israelites had been burning incense to it.

 

Agar and Sarah

    Agar and Sarah typify respectively 2 covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai (OT) and bears children who are to be slaves of the law (Galatians 4:24); the other covenant is heavenly because is from Jesus (NT) and set us free (verse 31).

    O
ld Testament is the shadow. New Testament is the reality (Hebrews 10:1).

    God set aside the first (OT) to establish the second (NT) (Hebrews 10:9).

    First covenant (OT) had an earthly sanctuary with external regulations like ceremonial washings (Hebrews 9:1 and 10), but New covenant (NT) has a heavenly sanctuary.

    The earthly tabernacle was only a pale figure of the true tabernacle (Hebrews 8:2).

    The conclusion is that as real had come, the “virtual” had been replaced, because it became useless, as we read in Hebrews 7:18.

    Thus, God the Father set aside the Covenant of Jehovah (OT), which was exterior and imperfect, to establish the Covenant of Jesus (NT), that is perfect and from heaven (Hebrews 10:9).
 

But I tell you...

   Jesus had never identified the commandments from OT with His commands, as He always said: BUT I TELL YOU. Likewise, He had never said that the commandments from OT came from the Father, as He said in Matthew 5... “It has been said” or “You have heard that it was said”:

    Verse 21... “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, Do not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgement”, BUT I TELL YOU that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgement”.

    Verse 27... “You have heard that it was said, Do not commit adultery, BUT I TELL YOU that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her”.

    Verse 31... “It has been said, anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce, BUT I TELL YOU that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress”.

    Verse 33... “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, Do not swear at all, but keep your oaths you have made to the Lord, BUT I TELL YOU, Do not swear at all; either by heaven, for it is God’s throne, or by the earth, for it is his footstool”.

    Verse 38... “You have heard that it was said, eye for eye, and tooth for tooth, BUT I TELL YOU, Do not resist an evil person. If some one strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also”.

    Verse 43... “You have heard that it was said, Love your neighbour and hate your enemy, BUT I TELL YOU, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven”.

    Thus, Jesus’ doctrine was distinct because it was not from angels or from religious precepts that inspired Pharisees. He said in John 7:16... “My teaching is not my own. It comes from the Father who sent me”. The “fulfilment of the law” of Matthew 5:17 signify that Jesus came to do whatever the law always omitted and had been unable.



    When Jesus gives a “New Commandment” in John 13:34, it is understood that the existing Law does not contain the essence of His doctrine, which was not really his own, but belonged to the Father, as he says in John 12:49 and 50.
 

     

back to index