this reason Christ is the mediator of a
which those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance,
now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed
under the first Covenant".
What is the use of Old Testament nowadays?
essence of the Scriptures (both in the Old
or in the New
had been preserved by the true God Father, in spite of some failures of
translations occurred along centuries.
real message through figures, metaphors and parables
The Old Testament is like a historical document from which the true God extracts a metaphorical sense. Therefore, literal truth from OT’s stories really matters. Historical events in Old Testament serve only as metaphors for greater spiritual matters of New Testament.
The passage through the sea is an allegory of a Christian’s new way after his baptism (1 Corinthians 1:1 and 2).
Passover lamb spotless and unblemished whose blood saves the household from death means the sacrifice of Jesus for us (1 Peter 1:19).
The coming away from Egypt represents freedom from spiritual slavery and the Promised Land is a figure of heavenly realms.
The earthly Tabernacle from OT was a figure of the true one (Hebrews 9:1, 23 and 24). All the furniture from it, in other words, the lamp stand, the table with the consecrated bread, the curtain, the most high place, the altar of incense and the ark of the covenant were all illustrations of a better and eternal worship, from which Jesus is the Most High Priest (Hebrews 9:2 to 5).
The curtain of the temple that was torn in two from top to bottom (Matthew 27:51) means that the free access to Father's presence is now available. The veil of this curtain is a figure of the law and the former regulation from OT that separated us from the Most High Place (Hebrews 8:1), but now through Jesus' flesh all the barrier was put to death and the dividing wall of hostility had been destroyed (Ephesians 2:14 to 16).
The sacrifice of goats and calves were only a shadow of the reality, because the true redemption is only through the blood of Christ. In Hebrews 9:11 and 12 we read: “it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins”.
First and last Adam
First Adam was a figure of the last Adam (Romans 5:14 and
1 Corinthians 15:22 and 45).
Jehovah caused the first Adam to fall into a deep sleep
and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man’s ribs to make the woman.
On the other hand, by the physical death of the last Adam (Jesus), God the
Father formed the Church, raised initially through Jesus’ disciple, Peter
(one of the twelve “ribs”), and afterwards through Paul.
The three days and three nights of Jonah
One of the differences between Jonah and Jesus is the fact that Jonah was lazy whereas Jesus was responsible about His obligations. Jonah was forced to preach to the people of Nineveh whereas Jesus assumed voluntarily the job of High Priest through the sacrifice of His own body (Philippians 2:6 to 8). Furthermore, Jonah became angry and greatly displeased for the repentance of Nineveh’s people (Jonah 4:1) whereas Jesus sorrowed the unbelief of Jerusalem’s people (Luke 13:34).
Jesus were linked to different Covenants. Jonah was linked to the Jehovah’s
covenant of violence whereas Jesus was linked to the Father’s covenant of
Ruth and Boaz
In order to confirm the rejection, there was a tradition in Israel of taking off the sandals and giving them to the other redeemer, as a sign of transferring rights and responsibilities (Ruth 4:17). The law of OT was set aside from the job of redeeming man because it was weak and superficial.
Jesus had never being scrupulous of “taking on the sandals” rejected by the kinsman-redeemer and adopted believers from those that were considered excluded people. The great difference between Boaz and Jesus is that Boaz redeemed Ruth giving her an earthly family and wife’s rights whereas Jesus redeems the gentiles in order to give them a heavenly family and rights of sons.
The Manna from Jehovah got maggots and stank (Exodus 16:20) but the bread from Jesus gives eternal life to anyone who feeds himself from it.
to Manna, OT became mouldy because it was weak and useless, for the law made
nothing perfect (Hebrews 7:18).
Jesus said in John 3:14...
“Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the desert, so the Son of Man must be
lifted up, that everyone who believes in Him may have eternal life”.
Jesus was comparing
His crucifixion with an episode occurred in the OT, where venomous snakes
sent by Jehovah bit the Israelites and many of them died (Numbers 21:6).
Agar and Sarah
Sarah typify respectively 2 covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai (OT)
and bears children who are to be slaves of the law (Galatians 4:24); the
other covenant is heavenly because is from Jesus (NT) and set us free (verse
The conclusion is that as real had come, the “virtual” had been replaced, because it became useless, as we read in Hebrews 7:18.
Thus, God the Father set aside the Covenant of Jehovah (OT), which was exterior and imperfect, to establish the Covenant of Jesus (NT), that is perfect and from heaven (Hebrews 10:9).
But I tell you...
Jesus had never identified the commandments from OT with His commands, as He always said: BUT I TELL YOU. Likewise, He had never said that the commandments from OT came from the Father, as He said in Matthew 5... “It has been said” or “You have heard that it was said”:
Verse 21... “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, Do not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgement”, BUT I TELL YOU that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgement”.
Verse 27... “You have heard that it was said, Do not commit adultery, BUT I TELL YOU that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her”.
Verse 31... “It has been said, anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce, BUT I TELL YOU that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress”.
Verse 33... “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, Do not swear at all, but keep your oaths you have made to the Lord, BUT I TELL YOU, Do not swear at all; either by heaven, for it is God’s throne, or by the earth, for it is his footstool”.
Verse 38... “You have heard that it was said, eye for
eye, and tooth for tooth, BUT I TELL YOU, Do not resist an evil person. If
some one strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also”.
Thus, Jesus’ doctrine was distinct because it was not from angels or from religious precepts that inspired Pharisees. He said in John 7:16... “My teaching is not my own. It comes from the Father who sent me”. The “fulfilment of the law” of Matthew 5:17 signify that Jesus came to do whatever the law always omitted and had been unable.