The antediluvian world

    According to the narrative in the first chapters of Genesis, the first book of the Bible, the climatic and environmental conditions in the antediluvian world were quite different in relation to the conditions that we know nowadays.

    At that time there was no rain just like we know it today. Only one steam rising from the land through evaporation watered the earth's surface in the form of dew, according to Genesis 2: 6.

    Based on this book, the conditions of the earth before the flood were much more favorable for the development of giant species, like dinosaurs, mammoths, and other huge animals.

    The irrigation of the soil was made through a steam raised by evaporation, condensed and subsequently precipitated. In Job 36:27 and 28, the oldest book of the Bible, there is a reference to the hydrological cycle exactly on those terms.

    In that ideal process of discreet watering, the quantity of water was enough to maintain the minimal irrigation that was necessary for the preservation of animal and plant species.







In the beginning ...



The expansion in heaven

    Genesis 1: 6 states that there was an "expansion" or "firmament" between the waters that were under the firmament and the waters that were above the firmament. Therefore, it is supposed that in those early days there was a large steam accumulation surrounding the earth above the atmospheric layer.

    The word "expansion" used in the biblical text is related with the atmosphere. Nowadays, this layer satured of water is known as "troposphere", which is located below the stratosphere. In that layer, currently occurs the formation of air currents and storms.



    When the flood occurred, Genesis 7:11 says that "all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened", which means that all that immense canopy of accumulated water steam around the globe rushed at a single period in the form of an uninterrupted rain during forty days (v. 12), killing all living creatures that had on earth, except for those who were inside the ark built by Noah (v. 23) and the animals which survive naturally in water.

    The use of the terms "burst forth of fountains" and "opening the windows of heaven" in the account of Genesis, confirm the concept of ​​a spring that was previously suspended and reclusive until it broke and precipitated all the water stored in one time, covering the entire surface of the earth, including the big mountains (Genesis 7:19). It is conceivable that much of the current ocean water was accumulated in this great water vapor layer surrounding the earth before the flood.


The break-up of the continents

    Somehow, that water canopy condensed and fell on the ground during the flood. Some scientists assume that the release of energy required for that "super-precipitation" came from the process of separation of the continents, which started at the flood time and was completed in the days of Peleg, as it is quoted in Genesis 10:25.

    This theory that is widely accepted in the scientific circles is called "continental drift" and states that in the beginning all the continents were connected by land, but were gradually broken down as shown in figures of the sequence below.





    One of the scientific supports for this theory is the existence of tectonic plates in the so-called "ocean ridges”, just existing in the dividing lines between continents. The correspondence between the rocky formation of the west coast of Africa with the soil of Brazil, as well as the similarity between the contours of the respective coastlines, is great evidence of this theory likely.

    The fact that all people had the same language before the episode of Babel (Genesis 11: 2) also supports this theory of "one continent" because before the flood all men communicated normally with each other.

    That water vapor layer around the earth functioned as a big sunscreen, capable of maintaining a homogeneous temperature over the entire planet, which protected species against the degenerative effects of sunlight. For sure, this natural filter protected much more than the current atmosphere.

    It is known that the short wave radiation, both by ultraviolet rays and X-rays, produces degenerative effect on the cells of living organisms, accelerating aging. The natural fermentation process of organic substances is a proof of that theory.

    When Noah got drunk, as records Genesis 9:21, he surely didn’t know the effects of the alcoholic fermentation, for he was used to drink grape juice without consequences before the flood.

    Without the existence of water in suspension on the air, except for the invisible water vapor concentrated around the globe, the rainbow was an unknown phenomenon before the flood. Certainly the appearance of the rainbow after the flood surprised Noah and his family, as it is reported in Genesis 9:11 to 17.

    Because of the homogeneity of temperature on the entire globe before the flood, certainly there were not the poles and the glacial regions that currently exist in the north and south extremities of the earth's axis of rotation. With a healthier and more pleasant environment, there was not the extreme heat and cold that currently exist, resulting in a moderate climate of subtropical characteristics across the planet.


The longevity of the antediluvians

    Those more favorable weather conditions could explain the surprising longevity of antediluvians such as Adam who lived 930 years (Genesis 5: 5), Set who lived 912 years (Genesis 5: 8), Enos who lived 905 years (Genesis 5:11), Cainan who lived 910 years (Genesis 5:14), Mahalalel who lived 895 years (Genesis 5:17), Jared who lived 962 years (Genesis 5:20) and Methuselah who lived 969 years (Genesis 5:27), which is considered the longest-lived man of all time.

    Noah was already six hundred years old when the flood came upon the earth (Genesis 7:11).

    Berossus, a babylonian historian from 300 BC, based in primitive inscriptions of the Temple of Marduk, mentioned that ten old kings reigned before the flood. In these inscriptions, the historian found the story of the King Xisutro, which in the likeness of Noah was guided by a divinity to build a ship big enough to receive his relatives, as well as all kinds of animals, also harboring food necessary to survive in the catastrophe.

    Other similar reports were discovered among the Persians, Egyptians, Indians and indigenous tribes of the Americas, relating the longevity of primitive people, which lived there before the flood.

    After the flood, the lifespan of men was limited to a maximum of one hundred and twenty years, according to Genesis 6: 3 and everybody knows that it is very difficult to reach a person which achieved that age nowadays.

    The exceptional environmental conditions of the antediluvian period enhanced the longevity and made it possible the development of huge beings, thus explaining the fact that there were giant men (Genesis 6: 4) and big animals before the flood, such as the fossils and skeletons from prehistoric creatures can attest.

    Adam had many sons and daughters and he still lived 800 years after the birth of Seth, which was not necessarily his third child. The general rule of that time was longevity and proliferation, according to the guidance given to the first couple: "Be fruitful, multiply and replenish the earth" (Genesis 1:28). Besides that, the ability to bear children was very different at the ancient age, for at that time, Noah had 500 years before generating Shem, Ham, and Japheth (Genesis 5:32).

    Because of the temperature uniformity that there was around the planet before the bubble breaking, many animals and plants of tropical climates came to be found in the regions of glaciers, even with foods of hot regions in their stomach, as if they had been suddenly surprised by the disaster.

    The mummifications found in Siberia are evidences revealed by the paleontology that at one time of earth’s history there was a uniform temperature all over the globe. This would also explain the existence of coral reefs formed by creatures typical from hot water, which were found as fossils in icy regions in Greenland, Alaska and various parts of the globe. Fossilized ferns and other vegetation from tropical and temperate regions have also been found in large numbers in the polar regions.


Who lived on earth before the flood?




    In the antediluvian environment there was probably much lower UV radiation intensity than in the post-flood environment. Therefore, in that occasion there were fewer mutations and degradations in the species.

    All those facts had favored the continuous growing of giant species between the various types of primitive creatures.

    According to the biblical account, some bizarre types of people lived in the earth before the flood, as described in Genesis 6:4.

    The text mentions "giants", "sons of God", "daughters of men" and the also called "heroes of old", that had been originated by the union of the "sons of God" (also known as "Nephilim") with the "daughters of men" (human women).



    The children of Anak (Anakim) were descendants from giants, such as Numbers 13:33 says, as well as the Emim (Deuteronomy 2:10) and Zamzummim (Deuteronomy 2:20, 21). Og, the king of Bashan, had about 4.5 meters height (Deuteronomy 3:11) and was considered one of the last remnants of those giants. Nevertheless, the flood extinguished the most of them, as well as the large reptiles that have dwelled in the earth.

    The famous philistine giant - Goliath - whose height was more than 3 meters, as mentioned in 1 Samuel 17: 4, was also a descendant of those antediluvian giants, whose genetic characteristics have been transmitted possibly through some of the descendants of Noah. This Goliath from Gath was the giant that David faced, as we can read in 1 Samuel 17:49.

    Besides Goliath, there had also in the city of Gath other descendants of giants, including Ishbibenob (2 Samuel 21:16), Safe (2 Samuel 21:18) and another very tall man, which had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot (2 Samuel 21:20). All those men were descendants of Rafa and were defeated by David and his companions (1 Chronicles 20: 5-8).

    The book of Enoch, despite being considered apocryphal by Christian theologians, is mentioned in the Bible in the book of Jude verses 14 and 15, and quotes the mystical union between the "sons of God" (angels) with the "daughters of men" (women of mankind). Also in the book of Job, the "sons of God" were associated with angels, among which figures Satan (Lucifer), as mentioned in Job 1:6.

    This book of Enoch reveals that those angels defiled men with all manner of evils such as the teaching of witchcraft, as well as spells with roots and trees (Book of Enoch, chapter 7:10). It would also have been from them the teaching about the making of swords, knives, shields and other artifacts for war, as well as the awakening of vanity among women by providing them mirrors, bracelets, ornaments, the art of painting the eyebrows, the use of precious stones and all kinds of dyes (Book of Enoch, chapter 8:1).

    The angels were also responsible for teaching the use of charms and their annulment, and they also introduced the men in the art of observing the stars, zodiac and astronomy (Book of Enoch, chapter 8:4-8). Even the practice of criminal abortion described as "the infamous means of killing a child in its mother's womb" was taught by one of these bad angels, whose name was Kasyade (Book of Enoch, chapter 67:18).

    All this advanced expertise and technology with materials brought by angels were totally unknown by the ancient human civilizations.


A warning for future generations

    The dossal of water steam that surrounded the earth before the flood was probably invisible to the inhabitants of the earth at that time. Therefore, this reason could explain the neglect of the antediluvians regarding the catastrophe that Noah preached. They had never seen rain before the flood (Genesis 2: 5). Noah exhorted them to prepare to enter in an ark that was being built to survive in the great flood that would happen.

    Before the flood, the water that originated the great rain had remained in suspension on the air, but no one had seen the layer of water because of its transparency. This took men to doubt about the preaching of Noah, in the same way that many people doubt today about the promises of Jesus because they are not discerning the signs of the last days, for they are not considering the example of the past.

    In Matthew 24:36 to 44, Jesus stated that the days that would precede the final judgment in the end of times will be similar to the days before the flood, in which unbelievers were carefree, eating and drinking, marrying and giving themselves in marriage, but the deluge surprised everyone.

    When in Hebrews 11: 7 we read that Noah was "warned about things not yet seen", we can now understand that he was prophetically referring to the rain, which both Noah and his contemporaries were unaware before the flood occurred.

    Finally, I conclude this study with the prophetic message of 2 Peter 3: 4-12, which regards that in the last days, many scoffers would charge the fulfillment of the ancient promises concerning to the end of the world, showing the same disregard of men in Noah's days.



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